Sheds and barns have been in use for centuries. Farmers commonly use them to store crop harvest and to provide a shelter for livestock.
The design and architecture for barns have significantly evolved from the timber barns of old to the modern steel barns of today. You can adopt a suitable barn or shed plan based on the required capacity.
Barns represent local agricultural history and culture which lives on today in the barns that remain – and those still being built.
New England Barn
The New England barn style takes its name from the place of its origin.
Its use started in rural New England. It is considerably large and has a basement for keeping the harvest safe.
The design was invented with the intention to increase space for livestock accommodation.
It has doors on the side wall, while the roof is usually covered with metal sheets. It is a relatively new barn design and is often painted in red color.
Crib Barn is a simpler design that is quite prevalent in south and southeast regions of the United States.
It is usually preferred as a shed for housing livestock. Earlier, the barn roof was made of wood shingles. However, modern barns have a tin or asphalt layers.
It has two stories; one is reserved for livestock, while the other one is used to store grains and hay.
Dutch barn design has emerged from New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey states where Dutch settled down in 18th and 19th centuries.
It is rarely used in building farms, and there are only 600 Dutch style barns throughout the US. The roofs are gabled with a long, steep slope.
It has paired doors to enter into the barn, while animals can enter through relatively smaller doors at the sides.
Prairie barn is a well-known type of American barn common in the western USA. The barn design was implemented for the very first time during the 19th century. It is also referred to as Western barn.
These barns are significantly large in size and can comfortably accommodate a large quantity of hay, animal feed, and livestock.
They are similar to Dutch barns regarding roof style. The enhanced roof area provides a larger storage space to farmers.
Bank barns are usually built on the slope of a hill. They have two or more floors to keep livestock and their feed safe. The slope of the hill makes it possible to access the upper level of the barn, but farmers build a ramp if a hill is not present.
The bank barn style was first introduced by the farmers of Cumbria County in the UK. High-Drive Bank barn design was also quite popular in the UK back then, since it allowed hay wagons to enter the barn quickly.
Many different shelter designs are followed in the US, representing the agricultural history. The choice of design depends upon the storage requirements of farmers as well the barn location.
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